Run the bash shell – click the app icon to run it. You will be logged in to your Ubuntu machine.
Now, you need apache, mysql, and phpmyadmin, at a bare minimum in order to start your localhost web server. You probably also want to use multiple versions of php since you will have different web sites with different production environments.
Ubuntu will give you php 7.0 by default. We will add 5.6, 7.1, and 7.2 also.
- Install apache 2.
$ sudo apt-get install apache2 libapache2-mod-fcgid
You will be prompted to type Y to complete the installation.
- Start the apache service.
if you are prompted for a password, this is your password for the windows user account you are using windows under presently. You may see an error message when you start the service that looks like the below. You can safely ignore this message.
At this point, you should be able to find your localhost in a browser.
- Set up MySQL Server (or mariadb)
$ sudo apt-get install mysql-server
Again, you will be prompted to type Y to complete the installation
- Start MySQL Server
$ sudo service mysql start
- Verify MySQL is running.
$ mysql -u root -p
- Set up PHP. We need multiple versions of PHP since we work on multiple versions of Magento: 5.6 for m1, 7.1 for 2.2, and 7.2 for 2.3. We will have 7.0 from the default Ubuntu also.
$ sudo apt-get install php libapache2-mod-php php-xml php-gd php-mcrypt php-mysql php-intl php-curlAnswer Y to complete the installation.
- Validate that php is running.
$ a2query -m php7.0If it is not running, enable it:
$ sudo a2enmod php7.0and restart apache:
$ sudo service apache2 restartNavigate to your webroot (/var/www/html) and create an index.php file
sudo vi index.phpthen when the editor opens, type i to begin inserting text. When you are finished typing, escape, and type wq<enter> to write and quit the editor.
Browse to your index.php file – you should see php info in your localhost now.
sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin
When the first prompt appears, press Space, Tab, and then Enter to select Apache. Select yes when asked to use dbconfig-common to set up the database. Provide your MariaDB root password Choose a password for the phpMyAdmin application itself.
Enable the necessary PHP extensions:
sudo phpenmod mcrypt
sudo phpenmod mbstring
Add this line to the bottom of /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
sudo service apache2 restartNow you can access phpMyAdmin on the following URL: http://localhost/phpmyadmin/
You can login using the root username and the root password you set up during the MariaDB installation.
- Alternate PHP Versions
For the installation of PHP versions, we use the PPA maintained here. Use the below couple of commands to add the PPA to your system. You will be prompted to type Y to confirm and continue the installation.
$ sudo apt install python-software-properties $ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php $ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/apache2For this tutorial, we are using the PHP 5.6, PHP 7.1 and PHP 7.2 to configure with Apache web server. To use the multiple PHP versions, we will use PHP FPM and FastCGI. Let’s install the following packages on your system. You will be prompted to type Y to continue after each php install.
$ sudo apt update $ sudo apt install php5.6 php5.6-fpm php5.6-xml php5.6-gd php5.6-mcrypt php5.6-intl php5.6-mysql php5.6-curl $ sudo apt install php7.1 php7.1-fpm php7.1-xml php7.1-gd php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-intl php7.1-mysql php7.1-curl $ sudo apt install php7.2 php7.2-fpm php7.2-xml php7.2-gd php7.2-mcrypt php7.2-intl php7.2-mysql php7.2-curlAfter installation, php-fpm services will not be started automatically. Use the following commands to make sure all versions of php are installed.
$ sudo update-alternatives --config phpand these commands to start a specific service
$ sudo service php5.6-fpm start
$ sudo service php7.2-fpm startEdit the php.ini file to enable pdo – look for the line “extension=php_pdo_mysql.dll” and remove the ; at the front of it. Do this for each version of php-fpm you installed. The files are in /etc/php/*/fpm/php.ini where * is the php version number.
$ sudo a2enmod actions fcgid alias proxy_fcgi
- Make a symbolic link from one of your website project files to your webroot. Your webroot is in /var/www/html in the ubuntu shell.
$ ln -s full-path-to-web-files-on-your-pc directory-name-for-siteI am going to add a site that needs 5.6 and one that needs 7.2
- Add apache config for each new vhost
You can add a new file for each host or just add to the default 000-default.conf file. Be sure to symlink sites-available to sites-enabled. The FilesMatch directive is used to set the php version for the site.
<FilesMatch> SetHandler "proxy:unix:/var/run/php/php5.6-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/" </FilesMatch>
- Restart Apache
- Edit your hosts file
Add SSL – https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-create-a-self-signed-ssl-certificate-for-apache-in-ubuntu-16-04 (skip firewall step)
https:// tecadmin . net/install-redis-ubuntu/
https:// tecadmin . net/install-memcached-with-php-on-ubuntu/