Duolingo French – Adjectives

le cheval est propre – the horse is clean
je suis fort – i am strong
le café est froid – the coffee is cold
tu es seul? – are you alone?
noire – black
seule – alone/lonely
chaud(e) – hot
petite – small
léger/légère – light/nimble
sale – dirty
jeune – young
bon – good
facile – easy
grand – tall/big/large
nouvelle – new
gros(se) – big/fat
mauvais(e) – bad/terrible/evil
liquide – liquid
lourd – heavy/clumsy
parfait(e) – perfect
joli(e) – pretty
ronde – round

être – to be

présent de l’indicatif – present tense

je suis – I am nous sommes – we are
tu es – you are vous êtes – you are
il/elle est – he/she is ils/elles sont – they are

Je suis en train de parler.

I am (in the process of) speaking (right now).

imparfait de l’indicatif – imperfect tense

a descriptive past tense which indicates an ongoing state of being or a repeated or incomplete action

j’étais – I was nous étions – we were
tu étais – you were vous étiez – you were
il/elle était – he/she was ils/elles étaient – they were

Tu étais formidable, j’étais fort minable

You were great, I was very shabby

passé simple – preterite tense

used only in formal writing

je fus – I was nous fûmes – we were
tu fus – you were vous fûtes – you were
il/elle fut – he/she was ils/elles furent – they were

Je partis après que vous fûtes tombé.

I left after you were out.

futur – future tense

talks about upcoming events, what will be done

je serai – I will nous serons – we will
tu seras – you will vous serez – you will
il/elle sera – he/she will ils/elles seront – they will

garçons seront des garçons

boys will be boys

conditionnel – conditional tense

indicates an event that may or may not occur, usually dependent on certain conditions and used in a si clause

je serais – I would nous serions – we would
tu serais – you would vous seriez – you would
il/elle seraat – he/she would ils/elles seraient – they would

Je me demandais si tu serais disponible.

I was wondering if you would be available.

présent du subjonctif – present subjunctive

indicates subjective actions, nearly always found in dependent clauses introduced by que

je sois – I am nous soyons – we are
tu sois – you are vous soyez – you are
il/elle soit – he/she is ils/elles soient – they are

Oh! qui que vous soyez, jeunne ou vieux, riche ou sage … Victor Hugo

Oh! whoever you are, young or old, rich or wise … Victor Hugo

imparfait du subjonctif – imperfect subjunctive

used in formal writing in a subordinate clause when the main clause is in the past

je fusse – I was nous fussions – we were
tu fusses – you were vous fussiez – you were
il/elle fût – he/she was ils/elles fussent – they were

Et le dernier, de faire partout des dénombrements si entiers et des revues si générales, que je fusse assuré de ne rien omettre. –Descartes, Discours de la Méthode

And last, to all enumerations so complete and reviews so general, that I was assured that nothing is omitted. –Descartes, Discourse on the Method

Duolingo French – Animals

la chatte/el chat – cat
l’éléphant – elephant
le chien/la chienne – dog
le canard – duck
un animal – animal
le cheval – horse
l’oiseau – bird
un insecte – insect
une vache – cow
une mouche – fly
le cochon – pig
la tortue – turtle
l’ours – bear
le lion – lion
le tigre – tiger
un serpent – snake
une araignée – spider
le singe – monkey
une abeille – bee
le requin – shark
un dauphin – dolphin
la souris – mouse
le loup – wolf
un papillon – butterfly
une baleine – whale
la fourmi – ant

Discours de la méthode

Le bon sens est la chose du monde la mieux partagée: car chacun pense en être si bien pourvu, que ceux même qui sont les plus difficiles à contenter en toute autre chose n’ont point coutume d’en désirer plus qu’ils en ont. En quoi il n’est pas vraisemblable que tous se trompent; mais plutôt cela témoigne que la puissance de bien juger, et distinguer le vrai d’avec le faux, qui est proprement ce qu’on nomme le bon sens ou la raison, est naturellement égale en tous les hommes; et ainsi que la diversité de nos opinions ne vient pas de ce que nous conduisons nos pensées par diverses voies, et ne considérons pas les mêmes choses. Car ce n’est pas assez d’avoir l’esprit bon, mais le principal est de l’appliquer bien. Les plus grandes âmes sont capables des plus grands vices, aussi bien que des plus grandes vertus; et ceux qui ne marchent que fort lentement peuvent avancer beaucoup davantage, s’ils suivent toujours le droit chemin, que ne font ceux qui courent, et qui s’en éloignent.

Common sense is the most evenly distributed thing in the world: for everyone thinks he is so well furnished with it that even those who are hardest to satisfy in all other matters don’t ordinarily desire more of it than they have. It isn’t probable that they are all mistaken about this; rather, it bears witness that the power to make proper judgments and to distinguish the true from the false, which is properly what we call common sense or reason, is equal by nature in all men; and, thus, that the diversity of our opinions arises not because some people are more rational than others, but merely because we lead our thoughts over different paths, and don’t make the same considerations. For it’s not enough to have a good mind; the main thing is to apply it properly. The greatest souls are capable of the greatest vices as well as of the greatest virtues; and those who walk only very slowly can make much more progress, if they always follow the direct path, than those who run but move away from it.

le bon sens – common sense
la chose – thing
le monde – world
mieux – better
partagée – divided
car – because
chacun – each/everyone
ceux – those
autre – other,different
ainsi que – just as
assez – enough
même – same
âme – soul
toujours – always
fort – strong (adj.)
fort – very (adv.)
le chemin – path, way

Duolingo French – Food

une tomate – tomato
la nourriture – food
le sandwich – sandwich
la soupe – soup
la fille mange de la soupe – the girl eats some soup/the girl eats soup
j’aime le sandwich, merci – i like the sandwich, thank you
la baguette – baguette
la viande – meat
nous mangeons de la nourriture – we eat food/we eat some food
l’alcool – alcohol
l’oeuf – egg
l’eau – water
un oignon – onion
une salade – salad
mangent-elles une salade – do they eat a salad
le lait – milk
nous avons du lait – we have milk
le riz – rice
le pain – bread
le vin – wine
la bière – beer
le gâteau – cake
le chocolat – chocolate
elle cuisine de la nourriture – she cooks food
le thé – tea
le café – coffee
le repas – meal
la boisson – the drink
le beurre – butter
le fromage – cheese
le bonbon – candy
une banane – banana
le poisson – fish
une carotte – carrot
le sal – salt
le poulet – chicken
le porc – pork
le poivre – pepper
du sucre – sugar
avec – with
le citron – lemon
le boeuf – beef
l’huile – oil
la confiture – jam/marmalade
le raisin – grape
le jus – juice

boire – to drink
je bois
tu bois
il boit
nous buvons
vous buvez
ils boivent

cuisiner – to cook
je cuisine
tu cuisines
il cuisine
nous cuisinons
vous cuisinez
ils cuisinent

Duolingo French – Phrases

L’orange est bonne – the orange is good
Oui, la pomme est rouge – yes, the apple is red
ça – this/that/it
non – no
merci – thank you
bonne nuit – good night
ça va, merci – i’m fine, thanks
au revoir – good bye
bonjour – hello
il y a un garçcon – there is a boy
s’il te plaît – if you please
il y a une pomme rouge – there is a red apple
pardon – excuse me
salut, ça va? – hi, how’s it going?
s’il vous plaît, non – if you please, no
bienvenue – welcome
comment ça va – how are you/what do you mean
d’accord – ok
à demain – until tomorrow
ça va bien? – are you doing well?
à bientôt – see you soon
à plus tard – see you later
je suis d’accord – i agree
de rien – you’re welcome
je suis désolé – i am sorry
merci beaucoup – thanks very much

French – Bon et Bien

‘Bon’ et ‘Bonne’ sont des adjectifs, generalement. Le premier est masculin, et la deuxieme est feminin.
‘Bien’ est un adverbe, et derriere les verbes (generalement).
Adjectif du masculin: Le bon(s) homme(s). / Le homme(s) est/(sont) bon(s)
Adjectif du feminin: Le bonne(s) femme(s). / Le homme(s) est/sont bonne(s)
Adverbe: Ca va bien? Je vais bien, merci.

Duolingo French – Basics 2

le livre – the book
le pomme et le livre sont rouges – the apple and the book are red
la lettre – the letter
J’écris – I am writing
J’écris une lettre. – I am writing a letter.
j’aime des robes rouges – I like red dresses
nous aimons le chat – we love the cat
vous avez une fill – do you have a daughter
le journal – the newspaper
le menu – the menu
elle lit un livre – she reads a book
avez-vous le journal? – do you have the paper?

ecrire – to write
j’écris
tu écris
il écrit
nous écrivons
vous écrivez
ils écrivent

aimer – to like, to love
je aime
tu aimes
il aimme
nous aimons
vous aimez
ils aiment

avoir – to have/get/catch
je ai
tu as
il a
nous avons
vous avez
ils ont

lire – to read
je lis
tu lis
il lit
nous lisons
vous lisez
ils lisent

Duolingo French – Basics 1

l’homme – man
la pomme – apple
la femme – woman
rouge – red
je suis – i am
riche – rich
un garçon – boy
une fille – girl/daughter
La fille est riche – The girl is rich.
Tu es une fille – You are a girl
Le pomme est rouge – The apple is red
La femme est riche – The woman is rich
enfant – child
une orange – orange
calme – calm
le chat – cat
il – he
elle – she
la robe – dress
Elle a une pomme – she has an apple
le chat noir – black cat

être – to be
je suis
tu es
il est
nous sommes
vous êtes
ils sont

manger – to eat
je mange
tu manges
il mange
nous mangeons
vous mangez
ils mangent

Berber Omelet

Deena Prichep for NPR - Berber Omelet
Deena Prichep for NPR – Berber Omelet

This recipe was taken from npr.org

This North African dish is in the same family as Israeli shakshouka or Italian uova in purgatorio, poaching eggs in a seasoned tomato sauce (and then sopping them up with some nice crusty bread). Ras al hanout spice mixture, an aromatic combination that varies shop to shop, would be the typical seasoning, but with just a few pinches of a few different spices you can create your own version. The tomato sauce can be made long in advance, allowing more time for the spices to infuse.

  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • 2 cloves garlic, thickly sliced
  • 1/4 teaspoon turmeric
  • 1/2 teaspoon paprika
  • 1 1/2 cups tomato puree
  • 6 cardamom pods
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 stick cinnamon
  • A few blades mace
  • 1 pinch saffron
  • 1 dried rosebud (optional)
  • 1 handful each chopped cilantro and parsley
  • 8 small green olives
  • 4 large eggs
  • Olive oil

Heat an oven-proof skillet over medium heat. (If you don’t have an oven-proof skillet, use whatever skillet you have, then transfer to ramekins or oven-safe containers before adding the eggs.) Add the oil and the garlic, and saute a few minutes, until the garlic becomes light golden.

Add the turmeric and paprika, and stir for a minute to toast. Then add the tomato puree, cardamom pods, bay leaf, cinnamon, mace, saffron and rosebud (if using). Simmer, stirring occasionally, for at least 10 minutes, until the tomato puree reduces somewhat and becomes infused with the seasoning.

When you’re ready to make the dish, preheat the oven to 375 degrees. Fish out the inedible aromatics from the tomato sauce, and adjust seasonings to taste. If you don’t have an oven-proof skillet, you can divide the sauce between two oven-safe ramekins or other containers at this point. Tuck the olives into the sauce.

Make four divots in the sauce, and crack an egg into each one. Drizzle with a bit of additional olive oil (or, if your friends have been kind enough to send it from Morocco, argan oil), and transfer to the oven. Bake until the whites are set and the yolks are runny (or firm, depending on your taste), 7 to 10 minutes. Sprinkle with salt, and serve with crusty bread for scooping.

Salt and pepper

Crusty bread for serving